THE AFRICAN PRESENCE IN INDIA: A PHOTO ESSAY
One of the foremost tasks for contemporary African centered scholars is to provide an
historical overview of the global African community. This is a critical task that must be completed in its entirety. This
includes the history, culture and present condition of African people both at home and abroad. We are already aware, it should
be pointed out, based on recent scientific studies of DNA, that modern humanity originated in Africa, that African people
are the world's aboriginal people and that all modern humans can ultimately trace their ancestral roots back to Africa. If
not for the primordial migrations of early African people, humanity would have remained physically Africoid, and the rest
of the world outside of the African continent absent of human life. This is our starting point.
Since the first modern
humans (Homo sapiens sapiens) were of African birth, the African presence globally can be demonstrated through the history
of the Black populations that have inhabited the world within the span of recent humanity. Not only are African people the
aboriginal people of the planet, however, there is abundant evidence to show that Black people created and sustained many
of the world's earliest and most enduring civilizations. Such was the case in India.
The questions we pose here are simply these: Who are the African people of India? What is their significance in the annals of history? Precisely what have
they done and what are they doing now? These are extremely serious questions that warrant serious and fundamental answers.
This series of articles, "The African Presence in India:
An Historical Overview," is designed to provide some of those answers.
The historical Bodhidharma was an Indian sage who lived sometime in the fifth or sixth century AD. He is the
undisputed founder of Zen Buddhism, and credited with Zen's introduction to China
during his travels to the Middle Kingdom. It was Daruma who taught the Shaolin monks the famed “:muscle change classic”. (Note: Zen Buddhism is the term used in Japan,
but Daruma's philosophy arrived first in China,
where it flowered and was called Chan Buddhism. Only centuries later does it bloom in Japan, where it is called Zen).
It is well documented that many of the Okinawan kata were learned from Chinese military personnel traveling
throughout Okinawa, and Okinawans traveling to China. Many of the names of the kata lean toward the Shaolin Temple of Hounan Province.
The system of Japanese Shotokan has extremely deep roots in Okinawan Karate-do.
Indeed all of its kata are slighted variants of the Okinawan originals.
The nineteen kata contained in KARATE-DO KYOHAN are the required learning kata of S.C.O.K.D.A as was intended
by Funakoshi Gichin Sensei. This is Japanese Shotokan as it was given to mainland Japan. All
other kata executed by many o today's traditional martial artist are in fact "not" part of the original Japanese shotokan
karate system of Funakoshi Gichin Sensei. The "other" kata that didn't make it into the Kohan text were not ment
to be in to Kohan thus, not meant to be part of japanesse shotokan as presented by "Karatedo Kohan."
S.C.O.K.D.A. EMBLEM AND AMERICAN FLAG
The South Carolina Original Karate Dojo Association
was officially birthed and solidified as a non-profit corporation in August
S.C.O.K.D.A. was founded and spearheaded by Raymond A. McRinna.
Shihan McRinna is a martial arts instructor who migrated to South Carolina
in December of 1999 from his birthplace of New York City. It was in New York
that McRinna learned the art of Japanese Shotokan Karate-do from his instructor, Master Frederick J. Hamilton. S.C.O.K.D.A. is USA
born however its karate-do is directly patterned from Gichin Funakoshi’s “KARATE-DO KYOHAN.